Vitamins are organic substances required in very small amounts to direct different processes inside living cells. Although vitamins offer no energy advantages to the body directly, they do help to release the energy stored in carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Therefore, most vitamins help chemical reactions to take place. The human body doesn’t produce majority of the vitamins it requires and must obtain them from foods. When taken as a health supplement in the daily diet, they help balance out the deficiencies of improper eating routine, overcooked foods, and non nutritive unhealthy foods. Vitamins are also fundamental in the production of red blood cells and the protection of the nervous, skeletal, and immunity system.
Humans require 13 essential vitamins. Four are fat soluble vitamins, and the remaining 9 are water soluble .Solubility refers to how a vitamin is absorbed, transported, and stored within the body. The water soluble vitamins are absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Extra water soluble vitamins are removed by the kidneys and excreted in the urine. Fat soluble vitamins are usually transported in the blood by special proteins and excess gets stored in the fatty tissues of the body as opposed to excreted. A few of the vitamins and their benefits are the following – Beta carotene protects against cancer, loss of memory and heart problems.
It will help improve vision and fight skin disorders, like psoriasis and eczema, protect throat, mouth, and lungs from pre cancerous cells. It’s best to get beta carotene through diet sources, as artificial supplements in high doses is still controversial. Rich diet sources are yellow, orange and green leaf vegetable. Biotin is utilized in the metabolic process of protein, fats, and carbohydrates. It also helps in energy production and may to some extent help people with diabetes mellitus by keep sugar levels reduced. Other benefits include healthful hair, skin, nails, reducing tiredness, heartburn and some allergies. Folic acid – is an essential vitamin for females who’re attempting to conceive and those already pregnant.
It can help to make the heart healthful, increases overall energy level and helps combatAlzheimer’s disease. Good sources of folic acid are leafy green veggies, liver and fruits. A Vitamin is a very efficient antioxidant. It also plays a huge role in maintaining healthful vision, keeps the cells of the skin healthful, helps alleviate skin disorders, boosts the immunity system and helps in early healing of wounds. Older people shouldn’t take vitamin A supplements because they’re at risk for vitamin A toxicity. Vitamin an is found as retinol in milk, butter, cheese, egg yolk, liver and fatty fish, as carotenes in milk, carrots, tomato, dark green vegetables.